The American Psychiatric Association Added Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
06 March 2016
The American Psychiatric Association added Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder to the third edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III). The key to understanding the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is the concept of trauma. The latest revision, the DSM-V (2013), has made a number of notable evidence-based revisions to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder diagnostic criteria, with both important conceptual and clinical implications. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is now classified in a new category, Trauma and Stress Related Disorders, in which the onset of every disorder has been preceded by exposure to a traumatic event. The latest revision also includes various treatments, including psychotherapy and medications best used for treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
It is natural to feel afraid during and after a traumatic situation. Fear triggers many physical changes in the body to help defend against danger or to avoid it. This reaction, commonly referred to as the “fight-or-flight” response, is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. Nearly everyone will experience a range of reactions after trauma, yet most people recover from initial symptoms naturally. Those who continue to experience problems may be diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. People who have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder may feel stressed or frightened even when they…