The American Judicial System And The Court Of International Trade

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The American judicial system was first established under the Articles of Confederation, but when the United States Constitution was ratified in 1788, Congress had the authority to create the federal judicial system. The Judiciary Act of 1789 created the federal law of the United States. This act established the Supreme Court as having judiciary power. Judicial review is when the actions of the legislature and executive branches of government are subject to review and can be invalidated by the judicial branch. It allows the supreme court to take a more active role in make sure that the other branches of government are following the constitution. The review was established by the 1803 case of Marbury versus Madison. Today the Federal court is made up of three levels of court they are: The Supreme Court, which is the court of last resort. The United States court of appeals which has to hear all appeals from the lower court. The last court is the US district courts, these are trial courts that includes tribunals such as bankruptcy and the court of international trade. The judicial system fits into society by the courts being the ones who are impartial. They can hear both sides of an issue fairly, without bias. The courts help resolve disputes and the rights of both parties involved. Without courts it would be difficult to insure justice will be served. Without a judicial system, there would be chaos and individuals would feel that they can get away with anything and hurt…

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