Literature Review On Autism

Superior Essays
Ceyla Erenler

Temple Grandin and a Review on Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined by American Psychiatric Association as “A neurodevelopmental syndrome that is defined by deficits in social reciprocity and communication, by unusual restricted, repetitive behaviors.” (2000) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, highlights an increase in people diagnosed with ASD and about 1 in 68 children has been diagnosed with the disorder. (2016) Although generally diagnosed at early ages, it is likely that symptoms will be more visible later in life with increasing social demands. (Lauritsen, 2013)
Previously, ASD had three areas of impairments which were reduced to two in the DSM-5. These areas can be identified as social-communication
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Scientists are unanimous about the fact that genes are among the risk factors and some genes make children more susceptible to ASD. Also usage of some substances during pregnancy is among the risk factors of ASD. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016) Since there is a lack of information about the etiology of the disorder, therapies generally focus on behavioral and especially educational interventions. Together with these, having family support and communication are critical for treatment. (Lord, Cook, Leventhal, & Amaral, …show more content…
In the movie we see Temple was taken to a psychiatrist by her mother. The doctor diagnosed her with autism and suggested that she should be hospitalized. There have been significant advancements in treatment of people with autism and today, as it was mentioned before, educational and behavioural therapies are used instead of direct hospitalization. In short, this movie was excellent in demonstrating the symptoms of ASD. It also reflected the perspectives of people around them.

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR (Text Revision). Washington D.C: American Psychiatric Association.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, March 2016). Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, July 11). Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Lauritsen, M. B. (2013). Autism Spectrum Disorders. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry(22), 37-42.
Lord, C., Cook, H. E., Leventhal, L. B., & Amaral, G. D. (2000). Autism Spectrum Disorers. Neuron, 28(2),

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