Types And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

727 Words 3 Pages
Schizophrenia is an illness of the brain. This mental illness is considered very serious. Those who suffer from this illness can experience hearing voices that are not there. Often patients think people are trying to hurt them. They also usually do not make sense when they speak. Having schizophrenia makes it very hard to keep a job or live a relatively normal life. Symptoms usually appear in patients around the ages of 16 to 30. Females usually develop the symptoms at an older age than males. Around the age of 45, symptoms of schizophrenia rarely appear. There are three types of symptoms:
1. Psychotic Symptoms
2. Negative Symptoms
3. Cognitive Symptoms
Psychotic symptoms are when the patient’s thoughts are altered. This could include but are
…show more content…
However, scientists believe that the disease may result from a mixture of genetic, brain chemistry, and environmental factors. There is, without a doubt, a genetic factor involved in schizophrenia. There is a 10% of inheritance if there is a first-degree family member with the disease. This risk rises to 40-65% if both parents, or a twin suffers from the disease. Heredity is not simply is main genetic factor. 60% of people with the disease have no relatives with the illness. There is evidence that shows there may be a link between schizophrenia and other psychological disorders such as, autism or bipolar disorder. The mental illness is associated with an imbalance in neurotransmitters. Dopamine and glutamine are the neurotransmitters most often seen containing an imbalance within patients. Abnormalities in the brains of these patients can be seen with magnetic resonance imaging. Environmental factors that may play a role in schizophrenia’s development …show more content…
However, it is manageable with certain treatments. Those with severe delusions or hallucinations may require hospitalization. Antipsychotic drugs are used to reduce schizophrenia’s symptoms. These drugs relieve the positive symptoms through impacting brain’s neurotransmitters. Cognitive and behavioral therapy can then help the brain once the patient’s symptoms are reduced. These approaches help to improve patient communication, along with their motivation so that they may attend school, go to work and socialize. A positive relationship with a therapist gives patients a reliable source of information about their disorder, as well as encouragement and hope. Family member support has also been shown to be helpful (Brain and Behavior Research Foundation,

Related Documents

Related Topics