Supporting Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities Essay

1099 Words Oct 27th, 2016 5 Pages
Supporting individuals in a higher ratio can be a challenge, as an additional barrier to services is added. Higher ratios, call for a careful balance between meeting individual needs and the needs of the group as a whole. Group homes and vocational programs often encounter participants who demand or are dependent on social stimulation. Teaching individuals with intellectual disabilities to wait and discriminate when approaching or engaging others is acceptable has great social significance. Grow, LeBlanc, and Carr (2010) questions whether stimulus control of high-rate social-approach responses could be developed with an adult with intellectual disabilities. Specifically, the study intended to evaluate the effects of a multiple schedule with FR 1 and extinction components in which only the extinction component (S-) was visibly signaled to develop stimulus control over the high-rate social-approach responses of the participant. The study also aimed to thin the values of the component durations to a level that could be supported by behavior-change agents in the natural environment. The participant in the study was a 43-yearold male diagnosed with moderate intellectual disability, whom resided in a group home and attended a sheltered workshop during the day. The participant spoke in full sentences and completed most daily living skills independently. He had a history of high-rate social-approach responses as well as a history of problem behavior, which was tied to…

Related Documents