Substance Abuse Essay

1175 Words 5 Pages
Literature Review
In this country, there is an estimated 12 percent of children who lives with a parent(s) who has substance abuse problem (Rockville, The NSDUH Report: Child living with substance-depending or substance-abusing parent , 2009). A parental substance identified as a threat that influence for child maltreatment and child welfare involvement in the family (Hanson, Sel-Brown, Fricker-Elhai, & Kilpatrick, 2006). Research conducted by child protection services (CPS) classified parental substance abuse as one of the five key aspects that foreseen a report to CPS for abuse of neglect.Once an account has been found to be true that the parent has a substance abuse issue the child
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The child basic needs such as nutrition, supervision, and nurturing may go unmet which result in neglect. The parent may be incapable of controlling their stress and other emotions, which can lead to spontaneous and unpredictable behavior that may escalate to physical abuse. The risk of the child safety may differ depending upon the level and severity of parental use and associated adverse effects of the substance that parent is using (Children 's Bureau , …show more content…
Although CPS caseworker uses a risk assessment instrument in deciding if a child is at risk of abuse, it is valuable for the caseworker to have a wide-ranging, overall understanding of the factors that possibly would place children at risk of harm (Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2013). To understand the environmental hazards, CPS work with the Ecological theory. Ecological theory conceptualizes human behavior and social functioning within an ecological framework. Individual, family and environmental aspects work together with each other to influence the family (Kirst-Ashman, 2014). The impact of child abuse depends on the interaction of risk and protective factors. Using and ecological and developmental theory is often appropriate in working with a family that impacted by substance abuse. Environmental factors provide additional information for FBSS workers. A parent who does not have a support system in places a child at significant risk than those who can reach out for help. The amount of stress in the household also affects the possibility of abuse (Crosson-Tower, 2010). Since the impact of the child depends on the interaction of risk and protective factors FBSS, use the ecological theory the help

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