Stratification Systems As A Social Construction Essay

1784 Words Apr 23rd, 2016 null Page
As a society who mostly possesses rather progressive mindsets, a common concern amongst individuals is the existence of inequality. Throughout our world’s history, we can see countless groups of people from all different eras facing tremendous inequality, with an even greater number of people questioning the existence of said inequalities. Some may just accept society for the way it is, assuming that inequity in imposed by a higher being. However, this is not plausible, for inequality is a social construction that is a direction result of the process of stratification. As defined by Merriam-Webster, stratification is “the state of being divided into social classes” (Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary, n.d.). This can be observed when people are divided into economic classes, genders, sexual orientation, religions, and so on and so forth. However, when it comes to sociology, we tend to focus on stratification systems as opposed to stratification in general. According to David Croteau and William Hoynes’ Experience Sociology, stratification systems are defined as “…social structures and cultural norms that create and maintain inequality by ranking people into a hierarchy of groups that receive unequal resources” (Croteau & Hoynes, 2014, p. 126). As opposed to stratification itself, stratification systems promote the unequal distribution of power, wealth, etc. by categorizing already-existing social classes in order of importance. In stratification systems, there are always…

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