Stem Cells Essay

1504 Words 7 Pages
Senior Seminar

Dr. Vincent Gallicchio

Dory Askins

9/21/16

The Potential Use of Stem Cells To Treat Burn Victims
ABSTRACT
Extensive burns are devastating and if there is a way that we could use what our body already produces to help rebuild, wouldn’t that be wonderful? Stem cells allow us to regenerate a product that is just as good as the original. However, there are ethical issues with this treatment.
INTRODUCTION
A little bit of background on stem cells; they are defined as an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is capable of giving rise to an unlimited number of cells of the same type. Then, more kinds of cells can arise from them by differentiation. So, stem cells have the amazing potential to develop into various
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This is still a very experimental field of medicine and much work needs to be done in the laboratory (1). There are two naturally produced sets of stem cells, which are embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. There are artificially induced stem cells called induced pluripotent stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are derived from embryos that are developed from in vitro fertilized eggs (not derived from eggs that are fertilized in a woman’s body). If the embryonic stem cells are allowed to clump together, they start differentiating spontaneously. These stem cells can form many different cell types, such as muscle cells, nerve cells, and others. Scientists can attempt to control the differentiation of the embryonic stem cells by inserting specific genes into the cells, changing the culture medium, or the culture dish. Over time, some plans for controlling the differentiation of embryonic stem cells have been defined. In the future, if researchers can reliably direct differentiation of embryonic stem cells into what they want, they might be able to treat different kinds of diseases (1). Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells that exist with differentiated cells in …show more content…
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4. Swaim, SF. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 20 Jan. 1990. Web. 23 Sept. 2016.
5. By Taking Embryonic Stem Cells out of an Early Embryo, We Prevent the Embryo from Developing in Its Normal Way. This Means It Is Prevented from Becoming What It Was Programmed to Become – a Human Being. "Embryonic Stem Cell Research: An Ethical Dilemma." EuroStemCell. N.p., 5 Nov. 2015. Web. 23 Sept. 2016.
6. Lo, Bernard, and Lindsay Parham. "Ethical Issues in Stem Cell Research." Endocrine Reviews. The Endocrine Society, 30 May 2009. Web. 23 Sept. 2016.
7. Arno, Anna, Alexandra Smith H., Patrick Blit H., Mohammed Shehab Al, Gerd Gauglitz G., and Marc Jeschke G. "Stem Cell Therapy: A New Treatment for Burns?" Pharmaceuticals. MDPI, 4 Oct. 2011. Web. 23 Sept.

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