Stem Cell And The Cell Essay

901 Words Dec 7th, 2015 4 Pages
Stem cells is an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, it can copy themselves for an unlimited period of time, also have the potential to develop into different types of cell. Each new cell will become another type of cell with a more specialized function when the stem cell divides, these cells such as the red blood cell, muscle cell and the brain cell. Overall on some main functions of the stem cell, the first one is that it keeps on renewing themselves from cell division since they are all an unspecialized cell. It can also be induced to become part of the organ or some tissue with special functions such as the bone marrow and gut, the stem cell will divide by itself and try to replace and repair those damaged organs or tissues. The reason why stem cells were very important, because the potential of it could repair and regenerate damaged tissue and it was an important character in the area of medicine, it helped on different kinds of diseases such as spinal cord injuries, bone marrow transplantation, the heart, pancreas, Parkinson’s disease, birth defects, damaged organs, and cancer, stem cells could directing them to grow and differentiate into healthy tissue also treated them well.
The first stem cells was found in 1981, a man who called Martin Evans from one of the popular University in the United Kingdom, he is the first to identify the embryonic stem cells in mice. After that, Ian…

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