Stalin And The Soviet Union Essays

1001 Words Dec 1st, 2015 null Page
Joseph Stalin, a prominent member of the Bolshevik party, and later one of the most important men in the twentieth century, took control of the Soviet Union after the death of Vladimir Lenin. From the beginning Stalin, had a clear vision of the direction the Soviet Union had to take. To Stalin, the answer to strengthen Russia was rapid industrialization. After all, Marxist theory ordained that a socialist society must be highly industrialized with an overwhelming preponderance of workers. Stalin’s rapid industrialization brought many failures that particularly affected peasants the most, but it also came to be one of the Soviet Union major achievements through history. With the adoption of the First-Five Year Plan in 1929, industrialization became the top priority of the Soviet Union. Stalin believed that industrialization was necessary in order for Russia to be a true socialist country. The problem, that was in the way of a socialist Russia was the peasant mir. Stalin recognized that in order for industrialization to be successful they would need reliable grain deliveries and low grain prices. But as long as free market existed peasants could ‘hold the state to ransom’ which threatened the industrialization drive. Stalin’s solution to the peasant problem was collectivization, which turned out to be one of the biggest failures of Soviet history. As part of the collectivization policy, peasants had to transfer of all their land, whether managed by the commune or…

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