How Did The Song Dynasty Affect China

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From AD 1000 to AD 1600, China was united under the Song dynasty. The Song dynasty began in 960 and persisted until 1279. During this era, China became the first government in world history to nationally issue banknotes and was the first government in China to establish a permanent-standing navy. The Song dynasty is divided into two distinct periods, Northern and Southern. Following the Song dynasty was the Yuan dynasty, also known as the Great Yuan. This dynasty lasted from 1271 to 1368 and was characterized by Mongol rule.

During Period 3, “Facing North” (as referred to by Valerie Hansen), China went through massive change in terms of the geography of the country. Under the rule of the Song dynasty, the area occupied by China
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The geography of the region contributed to much of the history of this dynasty - their neighboring states had massive impacts on Song history. The Song dynasty attempted to use military force to shut down the Liao dynasty and to recapture the Sixteen Prefectures in the northwest, which was a territory under Khitan …show more content…
Painting, mathematics, theater, poetry, and calligraphy were going through big changes due to the increasing amount of people and technology. One important cultural development was the joining together of painting, poetry, and calligraphy.
Although there were many religions within the Yuan dynasty, Buddhism was still favored among Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. Tibetan Buddhism was established as the de facto state religion.

Following the collapse of the Yuan dynasty, the Ming dynasty, also known as the Great Ming, ruled China for the next 276 years, from 1368 - 1644. The capital was located is what is now known as Nanjing, and the government was an absolute monarchy. It was during this era in which the Great Wall of China was reinforced to its modern form. The population during this dynasty is estimated to vary from 160 to 200 million and the area under rule was about 6.5 million square kilometers, nearly half of the size of the Yuan

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