Slavery During The 19th Century Essay example

1024 Words Dec 14th, 2014 5 Pages
Slavery was a legally recognized institution of chattel slavery in the 18th and 19th century. The southerner believed that the trade gave them political and economic powers in the congress. They defended and continued with slavery long after abolition of slavery in 1808. The slavery contributed a lot in the growth and development of the south states. The trade impacted economically, socially, culturally and politically. Traces of this practice can be seen even today in America mostly culturally and socially. This essay discusses these impacts comprehensively.

Economic impact
There was an economic boom for slave labor in the 19th century. This was facilitated by the invention of cotton gin by Eli Whitney. Southern planters looked upon this labor to work their lands. There was developed gang labor system. In this system work was assigned to black drivers closely supervised by white overseers. It is estimated that cotton production yielded over four million bales annually which was over 60% of the world’s cotton. The whites enjoyed all this return at the expense of their slaves.
The south was economically rich than any other European nation except England. Much of the proceeds from his trade were used to finance the American industrial revolution. This gave them more influence among other states hence the continued operation of slavery. A few group of slaves worked in the planter’s homes as cooks, nursemaids and as craftsmen. These groups rarely became factory workers.…

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