Similarities Between Chinese And Chinese Women During The 20th Century

972 Words Nov 8th, 2016 4 Pages
Until the 20th century, China’s dominant ideology had been Confucianism and as Confucian teachings were a cornerstone of the society, its patriarchal ideology had been closely tied with oppression and control of women. Their societal roles were extremely minimal because they were always considered as subordinates of men for more than 2000 years. However, as Chinese youth started to gradually abandon the traditional Confucian values along with the adoption of Western ideas, Chinese women were partially liberated from the conventional values as well. Moreover, by the time of Cultural Revolution in 1966, Mao’s great aim was to abolish the gender difference as a whole, especially among the youth, who were a critical component of Mao’s revolutionary scheme. On the surface, it seemed like women had now become equal to men and the limitations that came from gender difference did not exist anymore. However, there was still a dark side to it; emancipation of xifu (married woman) was neglected from such reform of gender roles and they were never a part of socialist construction. I am intrigued by the changes in the portrayal and participation of women during the Cultural Revolution, and also in how such changes failed to include the Chinese women from different class and at the time.
Young people during the Cultural revolution were the agents of Mao’s plan to eradicate the traditional Chinese bureaucracy and spread his socialist ideologies in rural areas. Consequently, it was crucial…

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