Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis
According to Carl E. Schorske, the liberal values of reason and law did not stem the re-emergence of racial prejudice and national hatred in turn-of-the-century Vienna.” The growing prominence of new social groups based along religious, ideological, and ethnic divisions eroded classical liberal values and challenged its political authority. This evolved into a psychological defeat for its adherents. Birthed in this deteriorating environment of fin-de-siècle Vienna, Sigmund Freud’s project of psychoanalysis, created new means to make sense of the crisis of liberal polity and generational change in Vienna.
In the nineteenth century, man was thought of as a rational being, and the laws of science controlled his actions in deterministic ways. In the beginning of his medical career, Freud espoused a …show more content…
To him, politics could be reduced to an “epiphenomenal manifestation of psychic forces”. By analysing his own dreams, Freud conceptualised the theory of wish fulfilment, where he surmises that a “dream is a disguised fulfilment of a suppressed wish”. Using his Dream of the Uncle with the Yellow Beard as an example, Freud allows readers to see the extent to which Viennese political reality affected his own sub-consciousness, for despite his apparent resignation about the tense political situation, the “national, ideological, and class” crises tearing Vienna apart profoundly affected Freud, who identified as a liberal Jew. Consequently, his Uncle dream reflected his inner desire to escape from anti-Semitism. Furthermore, Freud would draw parallels between political censorship and psychological censorship when he compared the psyche of the dreamer to the political critic. By doing so, Freud linked the individual’s irrational self to the wider societal