Septic Arthritis : Infectious Or Bacterial Arthritis Essay

1264 Words Nov 27th, 2016 6 Pages
Septic arthritis, also known as infectious or bacterial arthritis, is described as a painful infection that is present in a joint capsule in the human body. Synovial fluid, a lubricating substance found inside a joint capsule, is sterile in an uninfected joint. When a joint becomes infected, this synovial fluid is taken over by microorganisms that set up the infection. It is an uncommon infection, but it involves immediate treatment if detected due to its ability to permanently damage the joint.
Septic arthritis can appear in a joint in many different forms. Most commonly, it can occur when bacteria, viruses, or fungi from other areas of the body travel throughout the bloodstream and into a joint. Infections originating in other parts of the body such as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or skin infection can lead to this. Septic arthritis can also be caused by a bacterial infection formed from a wound opening or an opening from a surgical procedure. A contagious spread from nearby periarticular tissue can also lead to this infection. Certain bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenza are the most common to infect a joint. E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are bacteria that can potentially infect a joint of high-risk individuals such as intravenous drug abusers or the elderly. Sexually active young adults are at risk of a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae that can form septic arthritis. Salmonella is a bacterium that can present itself and create…

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