Treatment For Schizophrenia

1620 Words 7 Pages
Schizophrenia: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Recent Research
Mohamed Mahmoud
College of Staten Island
Abstract
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects that person 's behavior, feelings and the way they think and it also effects on how they see the world. The symptoms Schizophrenia includes there view of reality being different from other people. Studies show that schizophrenia may be caused by genes. It affects both men and women equally and adolescences as well. Treatments for these disorders include therapy or the use of antipsychotic medication.
Introduction
Schizophrenics often can 't tell the difference between reality and fantasy since their perception of reality is crooked. Nearly 1 in a 100 suffers from schizophrenia, and
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The doctor or psychiatrist would exam a patient’s mental condition by watching and asking questions about their emotions, delusions, hallucination or check to see if the patients thoughts of suicide. The doctor can also perform MRI or CT scan to find any abnormalities in different regions in the brain that is linked to schizophrenia. Physical changes happen in the brain that helps identify people with schizophrenia. Through brain scans it shown that that the there are abnormal activity and frontal cortex, thalamus, and amygdala which shows that the structure and function of the brain changes. MRI and PET scans help identify these structures. MRI shows changes, mainly in the temporal lobe, in different portions and sections of the brain. The lobes are bigger and the tissues are shriveled. PET scans shows activity in the hippocampus that affects memory and regulates emotions. Schizophrenia patients may exhibit morphological changes in the brain like enlargement of fluid filled ventricles. There are no physical or lab exams that can directly diagnostics of schizophrenia. But physical exams such as blood test and urine samples take out the possibility of it being other disorders or …show more content…
There are five types which are paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, cationic schizophrenia, undifferentiated schizophrenia and residual schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenia people hallucinate and are delusional; it is also accompanied by other auditory problems. It is the most common type the patients hear voices that threaten them and gives them command they may even hear laughter or clapping. They often hallucinate smells and sensations but visual hallucination rarely occur. People who are diagnosed with disorganized schizophrenia do not hallucinate and have delusions and rarely it occurs usually revolves around disorganized thoughts and emotional disturbed, they also have problems with other people socially and have trouble doing task they see every day in their lives like cleaning putting on their clothes and even bathing. Those who are diagnosed with catatonic schizophrenia which is a rare type that involves the disturbance of movement of other people. The patients reduce their own movement and decrease their own actions and they usually have symptoms where they repeat movement and sound of other people. Undifferentiated schizophrenia has symptoms that include hallucinate and delusions but not sufficient enough to be categorized as their own class of schizophrenia like paranoid or disorganized schizophrenia.

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