Russian Music History Essay

1776 Words Jan 11th, 2015 8 Pages
A term paper discussing

Russian music

Presented to: Michel El Zoghbi

Prepared by:
Maher Moubarak
Mirna El Khoury

Outline:

1. Abstract 2. Introduction 3. Literature Review 4. Centuries 5. Instruments 6. Effects on Russian Music: * Effects of War * Problems caused by Russian Climate 7. Conclusion 8. References

Abstract:
This term paper will be discussing the history of the Russian music and its evolvement. Moreover, it will include some native instruments and the effect of weather, war, and religion on the Russian music.

Introduction:
Beginning from the sacred music of the Russian Orthodox Church and passing through diverse centuries, the Russian music was and will always be
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In the reign of Ivan IV, the Imperial Court invited Western musicians and composers to fill this void. These artists became a regular fixture at Court, at the time of Peter I. Peter saw European music as a mark of civilization and a way of westernizing the country. In the year 1730, the empress Anna Ivsnovna imported an Italian opera troupe to entertain her. This is when the secular music on a Western model began to be cultivated. By the end of the 18th century, a small body of court operas was formed by native composers and other choirmasters. These court operas were based on Russian librettos. This craze for Italian opera became so pervasive that many were not even aware that Russian composers existed.
Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857) was the first Russian composer to exploit traditions of the native Russian music into the realm of secular music. He composed Ivan Susanin and Russian and Lyudmila.
During the 19th century, the Russian Musical Society (RMS) was founded, led by composer Nikolay Rubinstein (1835–1881) and Anton (1829–1894).
“The Mighty Five”, a famous Russian band at the time, was often presented as the Russian Music Society's rival, with the RMS being musically conservative and the Five embracing their Russian national identity. The RMS founded the first Conservatories in Moscow and in St Petersburg : the former trained the Russian composer

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