Risk Factors, Causes And Symptoms Of Tuberculosis

926 Words 4 Pages
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Angel K. Nickel
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Abstract
The world was astounded by the dramatic increase in Tuberculosis cases occurring in 1985. The disease strongly affects the lungs however if serious enough it can happen anywhere in the body.
An individuals with the TB disease can spread the infection through air. This means that a simple cough, laugh, sneeze, or singing can spread it to anyone within close range. A normal healthy adult can be infected but yet have no complication or symptoms, the body 's immune system will fight the infection. Unfortunately for others with weak immune systems the first breath u breathe in could be your life 's turning point.
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Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Coughing and trouble breathing can sometimes
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The general signs and symptoms for tuberculosis can be as simple as extreme fatigue, effortless weight loss, lack of appetite, chills, fever, and night sweats. (Tb
Symptoms) However with Pulmonary Tuberculosis they also include chest pain and coughing up blood or phlegm.
Risk Factors
Just like with every disease there are many risk factors that go into the development of TB. Some factors you are not in control of but many can be easily prevented. First it is important to know that you can test positive for the infection but not develop the disease. With that being said a risk factor for the disease is being recently infected. Recently infected risk factors also include people
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HIV positive persons, drug users, and people who work in close contact with high risk TB patients. (Basic TB Facts 2012) A weaken immune system is a main cause why people who test positive for the infection develop the disease. Weaken immune systems are caused by HIV infection, drug abuse, silicosis, diabetes, severe kidney disease, low body weight, organ transplant, head or neck cancer, medical treatments, and specialized treatments for RA
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References
Basic TB Facts.(2012, September 1). Retrieved April 27 , 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/topic/basics/risk.htm Pulmonary tuberculosis: diagnosis and treatment (BMJ : British Medical Journal)
By:Campbell, ian, and Oumou Bah-Sow.
"TB Symptoms Symptoms of Different Types of TB." TB Symptoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr.
2015.
Fact Sheets (Centers for Disease Control And Prevention) http://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/factsheets/testing/diagnosis.htm Tuberculosis (Treatments and drugs) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tuberculosis/basics/treatment/con-20021761 Stagg, H. R., Zenner, D., Harris, R. J., Munoz, L., Lipman, M. C., & Abubakar, I. (2014).
Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection. Annals Of Internal Medicine, 161(6), 419-428. doi:10.7326/M14-1019 Pasipanodya, J. G., Mcllleron, H., Burger, A., Wash, P. A., Smith, P., & Gumbo, T. (2013). Serum
Drug Concentrations Predictive of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Outcomes. Journal Of Infectious
Diseases, 208(9), 1464- 1473.
Teh Sui Lin, C., Krishnan, G., & Manuel, A. M. (2013). The impact of pulmonary tuberculosis treatment on the prevalence of allergic rhinitis. ENT: Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, 92(8),

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