Reconciliation Of Greek Philosophy And Monotheistic Religions
Dr. E. Redwine
Reconciliation of Greek Philosophy and Monotheistic Religions
“On July 19, 711, an army of Arabs and Berbers unified under the Islamic Umayyad caliphate landed on the Iberian Peninsula” (M 'Bow 2). Over the next several decades, through diplomacy and warfare, they brought the entire peninsula under Islamic control. The new territories, were referred to as al-Andalus. This region of southern Europe produced a wealth of great thinkers which would influence the development of the modern world. Two such thinkers were Maimonides and Ibn Rushd. Both Maimonides and Ibn Rushd sought to reconcile pagan Greek philosophy with the monotheistic religions of al-Andalus, Islam in Ibn Rushd’s case, Judaism in Maimonides’ case.
Ibn Rushd, better known in the West as Averroes, was born in 1126 A.D. in Cordoba. He was the descendant of a distinguished Cordovan family of scholars, and the third generation of his family to hold the office of judge. “Ibn Rushd owes much of his success in life to the patronage by two enlightened caliphs, Abu Yaqub Yusuf and Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur. Caliph Abu Yaqub, brought him to Córdoba and made him chief judge and his personal physician” (M’Bow 14). Under his sponsorship, Ibn Rushd took on the task of commenting on Aristotle’s works. “Ibn Rushd was able to discuss Greek philosophy freely with Abu Yaqub who encouraged him to write his commentaries on the works of Aristotle” (M 'Bow 14).
One of those…