Racial Differences On An Anthropological And Genetic Level And How Race Began

702 Words Oct 26th, 2015 3 Pages
In terms of genetics, technology has advanced far enough to map out the human genome. As a population, we have found out that there are no ethnic markers that differentiate us from one another, with genetic variation sometimes being greater between two individuals of the same race than two individuals of different races. Even with the knowledge that the human genome insists the lack of a biological race, the persistence of the basal human need to categorize humans into ethnic categories begs the question as to why race still exists. To answer this question, I find it important to understand the basis for racial differences on an anthropological and genetic level and how race began to be a social construct. In the field of genetics, the human genome has been mapped in its entirety and all that remains is to identify what implications genetic variations hold. Prominent scientists in the field of evolutionary biology, genetics, and anthropology find that race fails to be genetically discrete, reliably measured, and scientifically meaningful. (Smedley, 2005). This idea is interesting as not only is the very concept of race imperceptible to scientists on a fundamental level, but even the current data after years of research fails to be meaningful. No matter how hard one tries to turn race into a biological science on the basis of genetics, it seems to fall flat of an agreeable answer. One shortcoming to this idea seems to be the fact that genetic variation in specific clusters…

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