Quantitative, Qualitative And Mixed Methods Approach Essay

1605 Words Mar 2nd, 2015 7 Pages
Methodology and Methods
Methodology is the theoretical framework that a study is situated in, informing the extent to which the researcher adopts a quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods approach. Methods refer to the specific data collection tools or instruments (Bitchener, 2010). Kinsella and Singleton’s (2014) research is a typical example of mixed methods design, in which quantitative and qualitative approaches are integrated to seek convergence (Creswell, 2003). The selected methods – a regional French accent identification test, a lexical grammatical test, linguistic background questionnaire and semi-structured interview – “gain meaning only from the methodologies that shape and guide their use” (Hesse-Biber, 2010, p.13).
Methodologies and methods are ultimately constructed on the basis of a paradigm. Paradigm is one’s assumptions about the real world (Punch, 2014) and composed of ontological and epistemological assumptions (Mack, 2010). More specifically, “what a researcher thinks can be researched” (ontological assumptions) lead to “what we can know about it” (epistemological assumptions) and methodological decisions on “how to go about acquiring it” (Grix, 2004, p.68). The researchers hold their ontological positions that the factors of second language acquisition (SLA) attainment can be studied and age of onset factor should be tested further. This ontological reasoning in turn shapes their epistemological views that SLA achievement is affected by much more…

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