Essay about Punishment, Rehabilitation, And Prevention

1878 Words Nov 11th, 2016 8 Pages
“The correctional ideology refers to a body of ideas and practices that pertain to the processing of offenders, as determined by law.” There are three main correctional ideologies: punishment, rehabilitation, and prevention. Throughout history, these have been the methods used to deal with offenders. The make-up of these ideologies connects to the public’s opinion of the criminals. Whether society has chosen an “eye for an eye,” a more humane standard, or a hope to prevent crime, these ideologies have no doubt changed throughout time to accommodate the public’s needs. The question then lies, what do these ideologies consist of? These ideologies have various subcategories, and the focus here is to go in depth to better understand punishment, rehabilitation, and prevention ideologies in corrections.
The punishment ideology is defined as “a painful sanction applied to the offender, who is seen as an enemy of society” (Allen 50). There are three reasons that society would use to justify a punishment ideology. The first and most common purpose is retribution. Retribution is about society and the victim getting even with the criminal. “The fundamental principle underlying the justice model is that society has a duty to punish those who break its laws and that this threat of punishment is vital in implementing the law” (Wrobleski 557). Society reasons that the answer for people that break the law is to simply get even with them. The idea being that the punishment should be…

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