Psychology Should Be Taught By John Broadus Watson Essay

791 Words Jul 23rd, 2015 4 Pages
John Broadus Watson was an American psychologist who established that psychology should study only observable behavior, he was determined to demonstrate that fears could be conditioned, through a processes involving an association of stimuli. Watson believed that the goal of psychology must be to study something that is definable and observable. He was doing his research on conditioning of fear in humans. Watson had already done research to prove that young children are not naturally afraid of animals. Watson believed that perception should be studied by means of conditioning procedures (Hall 186). In other words, behavior is the relationship between stimuli and responses. The goal then of behaviorism is to predict and control behavior.
Watson began conducting research with children at John Hopkins Hospital and got the opportunity to study infant reflex and emotional responses. To demonstrate that behaviorism could be confirmed out of the lab, Watson decided to see if fear could be conditioned. Watson began his most famous experiment, known as the "Little Albert" experiment. Albert was 11 months old and selected because of his temperament and lack of fear for most things. He was described as a stable infant who rarely displayed fear of anything. He was not afraid of animals, including the white laboratory rat. He was, however, afraid of loud noises. Watson decided to take advantage of his natural fear response to loud noises. He wanted to see whether he could condition…

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