Pros And Cons Of The 8th Death Penalty
The “Eighth” Debate
Capital punishment or otherwise known as the death penalty is the legal execution of criminals based on crime and judicial rulings. The judicial decree of this punishment is death, while execution is the actual enforcement. Offenses and crimes that can result in capital punishment are known as capital crimes or offenses. The death penalty has been instituted in the United States for over four-hundred years. The first recorded execution (America) was Captain George Kendall, a spy for Spain, in the Jamestown colony of Virginia in 1608. Leading into the nineteenth century many states reduced capital punishment due to the construction of penitentiaries. Some states quickly abolished …show more content…
Especially in Catholicism where pro-life teachings are practiced. According to catholic teachings, each of us should respect the life and dignity of every human being. Respect for life applies to everyone, even the sinful people who act with violence. Punishment should respect human life and dignity. Fighting violence with violence only leads to a greater bloodbath in the future. We shall offer neither judgment nor condemnation but instead engagement and dialogue. Catholicism’s goal as a whole is to persuade Catholics and others to join in working to end capital punishment. They seek to help build a culture of life in which the world will no longer try to teach that killing is wrong by doing the same to convicted felons. (Usccb.org …show more content…
Studies have shown that those suffering from mental illness are more vulnerable to pressure by law officials and can lead to false confessions, cognitive deficits, delusions, and extreme compliance. Defendants must also be found competent enough to stand trial, but the bar set for competency tests is so low that many mentally ill criminals pass on to trial. Juries frequently reject insanity defenses in capital cases even if they possess strong evidence that the defendant is suffering from a severe mental illness. However, executions may not be performed on anyone who is incompetent at the time of their execution. If the inmate cannot make the connection between his/her crime and punishment, than by law will not be given lethal injection. In current legislation, states including Indiana, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky have proposed bills to exempt the mentally ill from facing the death penalty. Having these inmates free from capital punishment would decrease the cost for trials and appeals significantly and will create a justice system that ensures fairness and correct punishment for crime committed. (ACLU pg.