Reconstruction After Civil War Essay

Improved Essays
There were three amendments passed after the civil war. The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery in the United States. In addition, it prohibited involuntary servitude to exist in the United States, except as punishment for a crime. The Fourteenth amendment states that all people born in the United States are citizens. In addition, people can become a US citizen by naturalization. States cannot deny citizens protection, privileges and their natural rights. Furthermore, the government will not use the three fifth rule to determine the number of representative from each states, since black men are also considered citizens. All black men will be counted in the population when determining the number of representative. A US citizen is allowed …show more content…
Reconstruction was suppose to help the citizens. However, it failed and left racial justice problems that people faced in the future. After the civil war, the North gave free slaves right to vote, which they were unfit to handle. Before his death, Lincoln was willing to forgive the southern states and bring them back in the Union. Lincoln even refused to sign the Wade- Davis Bill, which mandated strict requirement for the south before they could make their new government. Andrew Johnson, who was the president after Lincoln’s death, tried to follow Lincoln’s footstep. However, the republican prevented Johnson from doing that.Since those republicans were angered by the destruction that the Civil War caused, the Republicans treated the southern government as criminals. In addition, Johnson was racist and it caused a drift between him and the republicans. Like Lincoln, Johnson was willing to forgive the south, if they promise to support the Union and abolish slavery. This caused the congress to impeach him. If Lincoln was alive, the republicans would have override Lincoln’s vetoes and probably got him impeached,too. Lincoln only wanted to win the war and end slavery. He never wanted to give black people right to vote. He wanted to give them limited civil rights. Once, Lincoln privately told Governor Hahn that he will give free ,educated slaves, and those who fought for the federal army the right to vote. However, Reconstruction acts of 1867 and 1868 gave black men right to

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    After the Nebraska and Kansas act of 1854, the problems between the North and the South grew. Lincoln’s confessed that his true goal was to stop the expansion of slavery from spreading into other territories within the nation. As war broke out, he was compelled by the Northern states and abolitionists to stress that the Union army’s main war focus was on freedom. The only problem was, Lincoln want to focus on the save the Union and reinstate the national authority over the South once more. President Lincoln wanted to preserve the Union over freeing the slaves, multiple of times he expressed his want to bring the country back together and forget about freeing the slaves entirely.…

    • 993 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The South couldn 't afford to loose business from Britain and he assumed they would find an alternative source of labor. This issue was too hot and profitable for the South, so they were ready to defend the institution of slavery. Lincoln could have released the Emancipation Proclamation years earlier, but he knew this would cause outright rebellion. For this reason, he held off and continued to hope for a peaceful solution. This hopeful solution never happened and the Civil war began.…

    • 1304 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Republican Party Formation

    • 1039 Words
    • 5 Pages

    “Lincoln’s election outraged many southerners” (Smith). They reject the idea of sucumming to a president that was in accordance with republican ideology. Their ideology happening to be the abolishment of slavery. They lost the power to accumulate the number of slave states because the North preferred an equal amount of slave states to Free states. The south also thought that this was going to influence Lincoln’s decisions over the issue, which many were right to believe for his “growing opposition led him to introduce a law that gradually ended slavery” (Smith).…

    • 1039 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Most of the free states voted for him because they felt that Lincoln would take the first steps to abolish slavery. However, those living in the south feared Lincoln 's plan. The southern economy relied on slavery, and abolishing slavery would devastate their income. Abraham Lincoln, however, took no action towards slavery until 1861. His primary goal was not to abolish slavery, but instead unify the…

    • 1061 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The northern states however supported the abolishment of slavery. Many southerners were angered with the election of Lincoln as they feared he would create new policies against slavery. Despite Lincoln being anti-slavery he did not abolish slavery after being elected but southern states were afraid he would and then 11…

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Due to the violations of law that Johnson committed, his impeachment was justified. Although Andrew Johnson was supposed to fill Lincoln’s shoes in guiding the country to reform, he did not succeed at this. At the time, the country needed a leader, which would move them past the issues from the Civil War and support the rights of all people. Johnson failed to do this because of his pro-slavery view, breaking…

    • 944 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The southerners had left the slaves behind to take care of the homes so that they could go and fight. Some slaves were even brought to the war, but weren’t allowed to fight because the war was known as a white man's war for some time. When Lincoln issued the Proclamation he made sure that the Confederate States would lose some power. Before the Proclamation, Europeans were considering to support the Confederate States so that they would gain control of land in the western part of the world, but many of these Europeans were abolitionists. To stop Europeans from interfering with American affairs, Lincoln made sure the Proclamation got to Europe.…

    • 703 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    He would block efforts of full equality for African Americans in the Southern states. His racism towards black equality made him “concerned” because blacks wanted their own independence and respect. In the fall of 1865, after The Civil War had ended, Johnson ordered all land be given back to the former white owners. He did not believe that the land had been conquered and thought that everything should be given back to the respectable owners. These ridiculous laws forced blacks to get contracts to stay on the plantations as labor workers.…

    • 987 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    I believe the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and the differences the northern and southern states had about the abolishment of slavery played a major role in why the Civil War was fought. Abraham Lincoln believed that southern states did not reserve the right to avoid the abolishment of slavery. Abraham was an anti-slavery republican who believed slavery was bad for business, and he did not want to see slavery spread to other parts of the United States. He was a strong advocate for citizens working for money instead of working for free. The idea of people being enslaved for work was not only cruel, but it also was not beneficial to America’s financial state.…

    • 1586 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Displaying the Confederate flag is bigoted and sour grapes, in my humble opinion. The Confederacy lost the Civil War, yet a few southern states there were part of this failed rebel government hold onto this part of history by displaying the losing flag on their state banners. The first amendment protects individual citizens right to display the flag of the Confederacy on their car, or in their home, but this emblem should not extend to state buildings. Some historical revisionists have tried to down play the great roll Abraham Lincoln played as president in signing the emancipation proclamation, and some pro Jefferson Davis fans are pushing to show the valor of this man, who was essentially a traitor. Sorry, I do not support the southern cause from hundred and fifty years ago, and it is a cause that said women were inferior to men, and who wanted slaves counted as 3/4s of a person for suffrage purposes, but which would never give these individuals rights to be equal citizens.…

    • 944 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays