Essay on Projects and Systems Theory

2549 Words Apr 17th, 2013 11 Pages
Projects and Systems theory
“The most pervasive intellectual tradition to project management is without doubt the systems approach”

Table of contents

PART I – THEORY 3 1. Systems theory 3 1.1. Systems definition 3 1.2. The characteristics of systems theory 3 1.3. The manifestations of systems theory 3 1.4. Systems theory principles 4 2. Systems approach to project management 4 2.1. The key terms 4 2.2. System approach to project management 5 PART II – PRACTICAL APPLICATION 6 1. Project systems description 6 1.1. Project systems description 6 1.2. Time management system 7 1.3. Cost management system 7 2. The interdependences among the project systems 8 2.1. The interdependences among
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It surrounds and has the interrelationship with the system (both affecting and being affected by the system) (Yuvienco 2008). For example, the nature environment includes air, water, etc. People can drink water, breathe air to survive, and affect the environment back by polluted or refreshed the air, water, etc. 3.6. System approach to project management
Project in simple term is very close to system, both of them have groups of interrelated and independent parts working together to achieve the objectives. Project also has its elements, there are several basic elements apply for all projects: project manager, sponsors, customers, providers, all kinds of resource, time available, communication, processes etc. However the way these elements interact with each other will make each project become unique, same as a system (Deshpande 2011).
At the beginning of the project, raw material, capital, human resources, technology or information are inputted. After undergoing a transformation process with employee’s work activities, management activities, technology and operations methods, outputs are produced in form of products, services, financial results, information, or human results (Vyas 2010).
The project has not only many parts but also have different states. Each part of the system influences the whole system in its own way, and that is why when one element is changed, there are always side

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