Prerequisites For The Industrial Revolution In Great Britain

888 Words 4 Pages
In order for industrialization to begin, there are necessary prerequisites needed for the revolution to begin. A country must have a good, stable economy, understanding of how a supply-demand market works, fair, just laws regarding trade and work laws an finally the resources to be able to produce the products for trade and profit. Great Britain qualified all of these prerequisites and thus the industrial revolution began in Great Britain in the eighteenth century. England was one of the most powerful countries of the century. They had expanded their empire beyond belief for other countries. The industrial revolution brought an economic boom for the country, considering that they were exporting the fruits of the factory labor all over the world. …show more content…
This of course allowing them to keep their head start in industrialization before everyone else could even have the chance to catch up. The small towns of Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Sheffield , Leeds, Bradford and Newcastle, all became large cities. The reason the industrial revolution made these cities so big was because of the coal mines, factories, textile mills, blast furnaces, banks, shipyards and ports. In the first phase of the revolution, it was the revolution of the production of textiles. Workers operated manual looms until a man named, Edmund Cartwright. Cartwright was and English inventor, responsible for the invention of the power loom and a wool combining machine. With the invention of these machines production of textiles could be increased because manual labor of course took longer to produce. If textiles were made faster, then money would be made faster and the quicker the bourgeoisie would become wealthier. England in the first phase of the revolution produced 50% of the world’s cotton fabric and 50% of the world’s cloth. With these sorts of technological advances the country could make a lot more capital and keep themselves ahead of the rest.With the rest of the phases of the industrial revolution, England led as well.
With Britain leading the world in material exports like coal and textiles, modes of transporting these products had
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They had to work longer hours in order to meet productivity numbers, meaning that they would have less time to do simple things. In order to keep Britain in front of their competitors workers worked from six in the morning until eight at night and when trade was at a high rate they would work from five in the morning until nine at night. Matthew Crabtree was called in to be examined and he shared his grievances about the long hours. The employers, or factory owner would only allow them a one hour break per day for either lunch or dinner but not both. A capitalistic world over took the lives of the workers, they worked long hours for production and if they did not work those hours then the factory owners would not be making any money. Children as young as six, according to, even at such a young age they were made to work fourteen hour days, instead of being outside playing like children should

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