Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Research Paper

6740 Words May 2nd, 2011 27 Pages
Abstract
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a widespread disorder that affects certain individuals psychologically, behaviorally, and emotionally following the experience of a traumatic event (Lee et al., 2005, p. 135). However, because of inconsistencies regarding the percentage of individuals who experience PTSD and the percentage of individuals who subsequently develop PTSD, researchers hypothesize that both biological and environmental factors contribute to the development of PTSD (Wolf et al. 2010, p. 328). In order gain a better understanding of this disorder and to discover contributing and predicative factors which contribute to the development of PTSD, this paper analyses the historical context and prevalence of PTSD, the
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The last of the four main symptoms most often expressed by individuals suffering from PTSD is hyper arousal (Friedman, 2007). This symptom is expressed by an increase in alertness, as though the individual is constanly prepared for danger. Unfortunately, this symptom can often cause sudden anger or irritability, insomnia, an inability to concentrate, intense fear, and the ability to be easily and extremely startled when something catches them off guard (Friedman, 2007; Kessler, Chiu, Demler, Merikangas, & Walters, 2005). In sum, despite the variety of symptoms which may be present, individuals suffering from PTSD often experiences significant psychological, emotional, and behavioral symptoms which can affect all aspects of their lives and relationships.
Historical Content Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not necessarily considered a psychotic disease because it is curable, PTSD is still typically termed a psychological disorder because it primarily affects the cognition and everyday life of an individual. Similarly to many other psychological diseases or disorders, it is assumed that there is an objective reason as to the origin of PTSD as an accepted diagnosis. However, this is not the case. According to Summerfield (2001), “the story of post-traumatic stress disorder is a telling example of the role of society and politics in the

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