Population Growth Essay

1944 Words Aug 7th, 2012 8 Pages

World population has rapidly increased in the last century and has now reached a staggering seven billion, raising alarming concern for the sustainability of our planet. Rapid population growth and economic development are increasing the demands on natural resource stocks (Orimoogunje, 2011). Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to become the primary source of population increase (United, 2002), yet lack of infrastructure represents one of the most significant limitations to economic growth, environment management and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (Paul M. Pronyk, 2007). Uneven resource consumption is wasteful and contributes to the maldistribution of basic
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Distributions of human inhabitants is uneven, the bulk of population growth is predicted to come from less developed parts of the world (United, 2002). Since the 1950’s India has contributed more people to world population growth than any other country, but over the next fifty years Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to become the primary source of population increase (United, 2002). While these less developed countries are experiencing population growth and growing urban areas, generally the developed countries are not increasing at the same rate. Amongst the European Union (EU) population has been falling in numbers since the 1990’s due to a result of lower birth rates and emigration (Kwasniewski, 2005). Population management is an important factor to consider and one which should be looked at globally, so that we do not exceed earth’s carrying capacity for human inhabitants.
The substantial growth in human population raises concerns about the growing demands put on resources and the implications of these demands (Population, 2009). A major implication of population growth is the availability of freshwater, which is vulnerable to human overuse and pollution. In 2004 the world’s population was extracting and using about half of all the accessible water on earth. As population increases

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