Police And Society: The Functions Of The Police Force

996 Words 4 Pages
The function of the police force.

The police force consists of many functions and roles. Their main role in terms of society is to “uphold the law fairly and firmly; to prevent crime; to pursue and bring to justice those who break the law; to keep the Queen’s peace; to protect, help and reassure the community; and to be seen to do this with integrity, common sense and sound judgement” (Saulsbury; Newburn 1996, p.xii) to further protect the life, liberty and property of the people. The police are primarily responsible for covering activities such as catching criminals, maintaining public order, and to provide a balance between crime prevention and investigation to major issues such as terrorism and organised crime (Newburn, 2008). This should
…show more content…
Without the police there would be chaos within society. Further roles of the police include. “Executing all orders and warrants which are lawful issues to the police officer by acting in competent authority, To detect and bring offenders to justice, to stop any processions, that violates the conditions of a licence.” (Maulin Josh 2012). Shearing and Stenning 1987 highlight that the role of the police in society either serves as a preventative force or to deter crime or as agents of social control and law enforcement. The police are not only responsible for thieves and criminals but also for the rebellious children, the poor and the …show more content…
Police at Scotland Yard indicated that the police were viewed more favourably for being more open to public confrontation of crowds, instead of the old “military” style policing. Controversially Smith states that there has been an increase in success in maintaining order without weapons. This is earned the approval of the public through ‘old’ style policing rather that settling situations through modern technology. This clearly indicates that both old and modern style policing are equally valued in different ways. Since 1994 the police have experienced a major change in their role expectations due to subsequent growth in community policing – the introduction of PACE (Police and criminal evidence act 1984) This act was brought about shortly after the Brixton riots, the community noticed a significant decline in ‘effective policing’. The police throughout that period of time were criticised heavily for their malfunction and demanded that a change was to be made. The role of the police force dramatically changed due to now having the power to stop and search. PACE is “codes of practice which regulate police powers and protect public rights (Home office, 2013). Furthermore pace made the police force ensure they were searching on the basis of reasonable suspicion and not in fact on discrimination reasons. The police reform act was another act introduced later on in the 20th century which further stimulated

Related Documents