Plato 's Timaeus Details The Creation And Making Of The Cosmos

723 Words Nov 1st, 2016 3 Pages
Plato’s Timaeus details the creation and making of the cosmos. In many ways it mirrors Aristotle’s account of causality as described in his Physics and Metaphysics. Aristotle believes all things have 4 causes and Plato’s description of the creation is very similar to these causes. The material, formal, efficient and final causes are seen clearly in Timaeus as the elements, model, craftsman and the good, which all cause the cosmos.
Timaeus says that the Cosmos came into being by a craftsman. The craftsman, also referred to as the Demiurge, is a perfect, eternal entity that crafted the beautiful universe out of reason and prudence. The craftsman is the “best of causes” of the universe and therefore is supremely good Timaeus writes. The Demiurge in this sense would be classified as the efficient cause under Aristotle’s causality. The Efficient cause is the source of the “primary principle of change” . The Demiurge is what changed the elements into a replica of the model. If it weren’t for the Demiurge, the model would still exist, the matter would still exist, but the matter in the shape of the model (the cosmos) would not exist.
Before the cosmos came into being, there was “all that was visible”. Before the construction of the universe, everything that was visible was not beautiful, but rather out of order. Timaeus explains that the cosmos was constructed of 4 elements: water, air, fire, and earth. These elements were put in order, and became the cosmos. All things in the…

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