Plato 's Interpretation Of Justice Essay

1584 Words Oct 28th, 2015 7 Pages
Plato 's republic, considered one of the most influential works in philosophy, politics and ethics, is based on the Socratic dialogues. The Republic was written around 380 B.C., allegedly when the philosopher began his Academy in Athens. Justice and the virtues envisioned within it, appear as one of the central themes in the book discussed by Socrates, who Plato describes to be, "the most just man of his time" and his friends, (Glaucon, Cephalus, Thrasymachus, Polemarchus, and Adeimantus). Plato divides his interpretation of justice into two separate parts; during the first half of the text, he explains the importance of justice in a society, which is where he elaborates on Kallipolis and its virtues. Moreover, Plato describes the same tripartite composition of justice in Kallipolis, that likewise, exists in the individual.

For Plato, the functional conformation of a state is to help maximize a society’s utility. Plato proposes three separate classes where citizens are assigned a particular task that they are naturally good at executing. The Myth of Metals, is necessary at this stage of the process because in order to have citizens respect the category they are assigned to, they shall believe humans were created with different natures. "God put gold into those adequately equipped to rule. Silver in those who are auxiliaries and bronze in farmers and other craftsmen." The Myth of Metals is not only an aid for this categorization of the population, but it is also a…

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