Parthenon Architecture

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The Parthenon is one of the greatest temples ever built in ancient times. It is a masterful piece on engineering done by the Athenians at the peak of their power. It took the Greeks almost 15 years from start to finish to build this temple. The temple outlasted the Greeks by nearly 2000 years and has filled the many roles required by the people who have occupied it. It’s architecture is unmatched by any other building in the world. The origin of the word Parthenon is from the Greek word παρθενών, which means the “unmarried woman’s apartments” in a house. This name and meaning started out to refer to only one particular room in the temple, which is debated to be either the western cella or the room in which the peplos was presented to Athena during the Panathenaic festival. Eventually this expanded to the whole building and today we call the whole thing the “Parthenon”. Before the current building was built, there was another attempt by the Athenians to build a Parthenon that failed. Shortly after the victory at the Battle of Marathon, the people of Athens tried to erect a temple in honor of the victory and their patron god …show more content…
It is a Doric temple with some Ionic features in it. The temple itself stands on a platform of 3 steps. It is of post and lintel construction like most other Greek temples and is surrounded by columns. There are eight columns at each end of the temple, which is known as “octastyle”. The temple also has 17 columns on the side. The columns surround the inner cella, which was divided into two compartments. Above the columns was a frieze that was separated into metopes and triglyphs. The metope was covered in relief sculptures like the Plaque of Ergastine, and the triglyphs were that consisted of 3 mini relief columns that separated the metopes. At the ends of the building and above the frieze, were the pediments, which were filled with various sculptures depicting Athenian

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