Parkinson Disease And Its Pathophysiology Essay

1093 Words Sep 30th, 2016 5 Pages
In this essay will be discussing the Parkinson disease and its pathophysiology, the sign and symptoms, general and the experimental treatment, psychosocial implications, the progression and prognosis and how the nurses can help the patient to accept and live with their disease. Parkinson disease is the second most-prevalent neurological disorders of the brain, which affect 2 percent of the population over the age 65 and it, can be develop in younger adults but not often seen in children. It’s more common in males than females. Parkinson disease doesn’t cause anyone to die but the complications of the disease are serious (“National Parkinson Foundation”, 2016).

Parkinson disease is a chronic neurological disorder with unknown etiology. English doctor James Parkinson was the first person described the characteristics of Parkinson disease in his Essay on the Shaking Palsy, written in 1817. His diagnosis of the disease is based on the four cardinal characteristics such as the slowness of voluntary body movement, involuntary and continuous tremor that usually disappear in the time of purposeful movement, muscle stiffness and postural instability. Parkinson disease is a complex condition that affects individuals in different ways. It’s primarily related to a loss of cells in the substantia nigra of the brain. The substantia nigra is the responsible for the dopamine production. Person with Parkinson’s have less dopamine because the nerve cells that produce it is started to die.…

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