Overview Of The Rwandan Genocide

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In 1993, the Rwandan Genocide was a major controversial issue in which the United Nations failed to provide abrupt support to the Tutsi tribe when Hutu extremists attempted to kill off all of the tribe. Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN), Kofi Annan, delivered a speech to the world stating, “All of us who cared about Rwanda…wish that we could have prevented the genocide” (Annan, 1998). Whether or not the UN did everything in their power to help the Hutu’s is a debatable issue still discussed today. The Hutu’s were not assisted wholly by the UN when they were being murdered.
Eighty-five percent of the population in Rwanda is Hutu, while the rest is Tutsi. Along with the fifteen percent of Tutsi’s are a small number of Twa, who originally
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“Hit-lists” were even being handed out to groups so they knew just who they were to kill. Before Rwandan’s knew it, mass killings were occurring. Innocent people were being killed. Even Hutus were being killed if they wouldn’t assist the others in the slaughter. Men were even killing their Tutsi wives, because they would be killed if they didn’t. It was hard to hide whether you were a Hutu or a Tutsi during this time because everyone had an ID, and those ID’s contained everyone’s ethnic groups (Rwanda genocide: 100 days of slaughter, 2014). Radio stations were even sponsored to read off names of people that were to be killed at night. In total, nearly 800,000 people were murdered in the three months that the genocide was in action (History.com Staff, …show more content…
Rwanda was on its own for most of the genocide because the UN was on special orders not to execute any killing. The UN was expected to stop the massacre, but could not use violence to do so. When UN peacekeepers were killed, the UN pulled their troops out of Rwanda and left the Hutus to slaughter even more people.
Furthermore, the UN abandoned the Tutsi tribe. All hope was lost for the Tutsis when all of the troops backed out and they were left alone. Why did the UN leave? They had orders to pull out of the country, but was it the right decision? The UN left the Tutsis with nothing. The Hutus now had an overwhelming advantage against the Tutsis. The Tutsis had no weapons and no support against the annihilating Hutus. Just because ten UN peacekeepers got killed, doesn’t mean you leave hundreds of thousands to die for those ten men.
Annan was given a message from the force commander, Canadian Lt. Gen. Romeo Dallaire, cautioning the UN about the possibility of the genocide. Annan was supposed to share this message with the rest of the UN leaders, but failed to do so. This caused them to not know about the genocide, so they couldn’t offer their full support or protection to the Tutsis (Winfield,

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