Osmosis In The Human Body

One’s body is made of 70% of water that in which is the main component of the cells within one’s bodies. Within these cells, there are particles that move inside and outside through a semi-permeable membrane. This process is called diffusion. In diffusion, particles move in motion at a random speed from a high concentration to an area of low concentration until all of the molecules are dispersed evenly. It is important to remember that involvement with diffusion depends on the concentration. The greater the concentration, the greater the rate of diffusion. Also known as the concentration gradient. Another process in which particles enter and leave cells is osmosis which is a kind of diffusion that involves water molecules. This takes place …show more content…
It helps by maintaining a proper function of the kidneys in which osmosis occurs. This occurs in the kidneys as a way to recuperate water from the waste ingredients of the body. Kidneys are a very intricate organ. They work by making urine that is transported to the bladder and is kept there until one goes to the restroom. The muscular relax and let urine out of the body through the urethra (Homeostasis 2013). Minerals and salts found in water are transferred through osmosis. Water flows from the plasma membrane of cells. Because of the osmosis concentration of water, glucose, salt, and other materials are maintained inside the body resulting in osmotic filtration which is imperative in preventing cell damage. Another example of osmosis would be kidney dialysis. Kidney dialysis is for individual who undergo kidney diseases. This process involved the dialyzer to remove the waste from one’s blood through a membrane that dialyzes and passes into a solution tank. Due to the red blood cells being large in size, they ultimately cannot go through the membrane thus are retained within the blood. By osmosis, waste materials are continuously removed from the blood. On the other hand, diffusion occurs when oxygen and carbon dioxide are diffused across the tissue of the lungs either on or off of the red blood cells. When one inhales, the blood that is in the lungs is low in oxygen but high in the tissue therefore diffuses across on the red blood cells. Carbon dioxide does the exact opposite of this. The ions (mainly sodium and potassium) diffuse across cell membranes in muscle contraction. (Homeostasis

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