Organizational Behaviour and Leadership Essay

3286 Words Nov 17th, 2015 14 Pages
1. Power and difference b/w power and influence.
Ans. According to Robbins and Judge, “Power is a capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes.”(2015).The most important aspect of the power is that is a function of dependency. The greater the B’s dependence on A, the greater is A’s power in relationship. For example, if you want a college degree and have to pass a certain course to get it, and your current instructor is the only faculty member in the college who teaches that course, he or she has a power over you.
Influence: the capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of others (dictionary.com).
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The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people. The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust. The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective. The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it. (Weathers , G. B., 1999).So at the last I would like to say that management and leadership must go hand in hand. They are not the same thing. But they are necessarily linked, and complementary.
References:
Robbins, Stephen P., and Timothy A. Judge. Organizational Behavior, 16th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, 2014. VitalBook file.
Weathersby, G. B. (1999). Leadership vs. Management. Management Review, 88(3), 5.

3. There are two forms of personal power. Select one form and explain how this power come to be and used? Then provide an example of power in real life experience.
Ans.
Personal power: This is the form of power that comes from the individual‘s unique characteristics. There are two bases of personal power; 1.Expert power and 2. Referent power.

I would like to explain Referent power; it is based on identification with the person who has desirable resources or personal traits. Referent power develops out of admiration of another and a desire to be like that person. Although expert power is the best independent predictor of helpfulness, a significant interaction between referent and expert power indicated that when members reported high referent power, expert

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