Essay on Organization For The Prohibition Of Chemical Weapons
2013 Nobel Peace Prize Winner
The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons is an intergovernmental organization created in 1997 in order to uphold an arms control treaty known as the Convention on the Prohibition of Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, or the Chemical Weapons Convention. Only four United Nations member states are not part of the OPCW—Israel, Egypt, Sudan, and North Korea; they have not ratified the CWC. The OPCW’s main purpose is to destroy existing chemical weapons and to monitor the chemical industry in order to prevent the creation of new weapons. Currently, the OPCW has destroyed around 90% of the world’s declared stockpile of chemical weapons.
The OPCW is composed of three official organs—the Conference of the State Parties, the Executive Council, and the Technical Secretariat. The Conference of the State Parties convenes annually, and all countries that are a part of the OPCW participate and vote to change the CWC and pass regulations on the implementation of the CWC. The Executive Council is the executive organ of the OPCW, consisting of 41 countries. It controls the budget and makes recommendations to the Conference. The Technical Secretariat does the actual inspections of the chemical weapon facilities and verifies the destruction of existing weapons.
The use of chemical weapons in warfare has always been a…