Omi And Winant's Theory Of Ethnicity, Class And National Paradigms

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The Ethnicity, Class and Nation paradigms, are the frames about the concept of race and its constant changing throughout time that Omi and Winant used to try to understand how racial dynamics developed and why they still persist especially in USA. Their theory of racial formation analyzes the agreement on the meaning of race and racial categories and the interplay on how social structure shapes and is shaped by race throughout history and time, like in an organized “Project”. In particular they investigated how racial categorization in created, used and destroyed. Omi and Winant frame is rooted in context, history and therefore time.
The racial project can take the form of “common sense” or imagery depicting race features and can be both racist and anti-racist.
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It carries inequality, minimum wage and labor laws. Rcial ideologies and politics of equality hide blocks to social mobility.
-stratification, of races into classes, uses the economic class lens to define groups, for instance the black middle class is different than the poor in general, but still have less privileges than the white middle class.
- class conflict, focuses on the conflict between the interests of Whites and the immigration policies with free trade market that develop a competition of white groups of works with minorities, where the working class divided by racial lines has no power to fight oppressive and exploitative labor rule (“Split and labor” “Divide and rule”)
These groups being ideologically and economically divided are weak, therefore minorities give up their racial demands in order to join with whites in search of equality for all.
Race is reduced to a function of class
Nation

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