Essay about Occupational Health and Safety Programs

2910 Words Jun 21st, 2012 12 Pages
Abstract
Successful occupational health and safety practice requires the collaboration and participation of both employers and workers in health and safety programs such as the Four-Point Workplace Program and Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP), as well as involving the consideration of issues relating to the direct and indirect costs of injuries to an organization. The OSH Act of 1970 was established to provide guidelines and regulate laws to protect employers and employees in the workplace. The purpose of a safety and health program is beneficial to not only the employee, their families, but also the organization. OSHA has long recognized that compliance with occupational safety and health standards alone cannot accomplish all the
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Culture changes will only be effective if there is an agreement between management and employees. Gather previous year’s incident reports by data mining and develop observation checklists to be used by any employee. Develop practical sessions that have a direct impact on the work center and implement the change. In order to see if the program is on track, an organization needs to establish a baseline, and ensure that every employee has a piece of the observation pie. Management must provide effective individual feedback to show they are as passionate about safety as the employee is. Another method is to establish cross-functional team meetings and have monthly/quarterly site management feedback meetings. The final step in the process is to evaluate if the program is being effective. To do this, management should examine trends to determine that incidents are reducing, and to implement corrective actions.

OSHA describes a job hazard analysis as “a technique that focuses on job tasks to identify hazards before they occur” (OSHA 3021-08R). Many corporations today think of it as looking at the parts to strengthen the whole. Any way you view it, the analysis examines the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Depending on the nature of the company’s mission and programs, senior management may have to help workers manage specific hazards associated with their tasks. A few of these risks include but not

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