Occidental Case Analysis
There must be no direct attacks on civilians and the means used must be proportional to the ends to be achieved. War is wrong but with the just war theory, it acts as an intermediate position to justify anything in war (R. Childress, 1978).
As shown, norms are clearly different from laws as they functions to act as a guide for judgments rather than to regulate behaviors.
For the Occidental case protests, the actions Wayne took are the recognition of norms in the society. It guides Wayne in understanding the situation and formulates an ethical response to go against the company (R. Childress, 1978).
Professions such as doctors, lawyers, military and etch have their own sets of codes of ethics. Due to the entrusted special responsibilities in the community such as facing special issues those normal citizens wont, professional codes of ethics are formed. For instance, codes of ethics of physicians started from Hippocratic oath that originated in ancient Greek society. Today, you can find professional bodies embodying the codes such as the American Medical Association code. Not to mention, there is an International Code of Medical Ethics to define the physician’s duty towards the patient, profession and society. Duties such as welfare, respect honesty and so on (John Arras and Robert Hunt,