Nuclear Energy : Nuclear Power Plants Essay

2005 Words May 24th, 2016 9 Pages
Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Power Plants:
Nuclear Power Plants are facilities which generate electricity through the use of nuclear reactions. It is referred to as a thermal power station because it creates a nuclear reaction, in which a lot of heat and energy is created. Due to the production of heat, the plan creates a lot of steam which is used like in coal or gas-fired power stations to drive turbine generators to generate electricity.
Nuclear Reactions
The are two nuclear reactions capable of producing immense amounts of heat and energy, one being fission and the other fusion. The fusion reaction involves two atoms which will smash together and merge to produce its energy. Meanwhile, a fission reaction will use one atom which will be split into two atoms to produce energy. In nuclear power plants, fission is used because it is a much easier reaction to control. A fission reaction produces much less energy than a fusion reaction and so making it easier to manipulate. Fusion reactions are uncontrolled reactions and so using them in power plants is unwise. They are usually used in nuclear weaponry are the sole purpose is to create as much energy as possible and for it to be uncontrolled.
Nuclear Power Plant Fuel
Nuclear reactions require heavy elements such as uranium and plutonium. There are different types of isotopes for the elements. There is Uranium-235 & Uranium-238 both having the same number of protons and a different number of neutrons. In nuclear power…

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