Essay about Notes on Chapter Two- Does the Center Hold?
Epistemology * Theory of knowledge; often provokes big questions on the meaning and justifications of conventional knowledge. * Ex; What is knowledge? Can we know anything for certain? What are the limitations of what we know? * Socrates began to question the usual perceptions of knowledge, advocating for a clearer picture than common sense allowed.
The Philosophy of Plato * You cannot claim to know something if you cannot claim to believe it as well. * Belief is not the only requirement for knowledge, truth is also required. * You need to be able to communicate what you know. * Real life application: We often do not believe what …show more content…
René Descartes’s Rationalism * 17th century * Social, political and economic influences of theories of knowledge * Emergent democracy and new ideals influenced Plato. * Descartes dealt with religious and social opposition. * New knowledge challenged old order and power structure; science challenged the church’s ideals about creation and meaning and caused a great deal of conflict. * Descartes tried to bridge the gap between religion and science with philosophy to appease the people in power (religious leaders). * Knowledge is built up like a