Essay about Notes on Chapter Two- Does the Center Hold?

1180 Words Mar 21st, 2012 5 Pages
Truth Is Beauty, Beauty Is Truth
Rationalist Epistemology

Epistemology * Theory of knowledge; often provokes big questions on the meaning and justifications of conventional knowledge. * Ex; What is knowledge? Can we know anything for certain? What are the limitations of what we know? * Socrates began to question the usual perceptions of knowledge, advocating for a clearer picture than common sense allowed.

The Philosophy of Plato * You cannot claim to know something if you cannot claim to believe it as well. * Belief is not the only requirement for knowledge, truth is also required. * You need to be able to communicate what you know. * Real life application: We often do not believe what
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* Plato believes in the innate idea, that from birth, the idea is present, and knowing it is simply recalling it. * Real life application: When I was younger, I would always see advertisements for internet psychics. While their credibility maintains dubious, I still wonder about the existence of ESP type talents or skills. It would align with Plato’s theory that there is an innate idea that most people have forgotten how to access if certain individuals could seem to have “special powers” because they understood how to tap into that innate knowledge. * Basics for epistemology: * Knowledge is leaving behind a world of solely belief. * Understanding the new world is not mental or physical. * To understand, we base knowledge off of certain innate truths. * We then prescribe an internal order to show how an observation is related to a truth.

René Descartes’s Rationalism * 17th century * Social, political and economic influences of theories of knowledge * Emergent democracy and new ideals influenced Plato. * Descartes dealt with religious and social opposition. * New knowledge challenged old order and power structure; science challenged the church’s ideals about creation and meaning and caused a great deal of conflict. * Descartes tried to bridge the gap between religion and science with philosophy to appease the people in power (religious leaders). * Knowledge is built up like a

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