Notes on Anil Essay

764 Words May 25th, 2013 4 Pages
Anil by Ridjal Noor
Themes Dreams of the future Relationships/ Family – the role of each member of the family Culture Childhood Violence Guilt Repression Fear Love Shame Superstitions: Lack of Education? Morality – what is right/wrong Treatment of women Justice Plot A boy, Anil, lives in Malaysia with his mother & father, who is a bully to his family, but timid & respectful to his employer, the Headman. It is night-time and he is asleep in a hut with his parents. He needs the toilet but doesn’t want to wake his father & suffer a beating. However, he sees people outside and discovers the Headman’s brother, Marimuthu hanging a woman, at which he is traumatised. The next day, the body has been taken down and we learn that it is Marimuthu’s
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Lines 41- 60- the boy’s fears are presented: father, fear of the dark, mosquito, ghosts- writer uses one word lines to reflect the tension, ‘They. Peyi. Pesase. Ghosts.’- also ‘Dare he?’- the omniscient narrator draws us into Anil’s mind. Lines 159-160- the second section is used to describe the aftermath where Anil finds himself accusing the murderer, ‘You killed her.’ We are left on a cliff-hanger as we wonder what the consequences will be, ‘...about this son of yours.’ See epiphany is form. Lines 198-202- we are now given Ragunathan’s perspective and the writer presents his confused shame as Anil is sent away.



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Language • Lines 1-14 (opening paragraph): heat is emphasised to create a claustrophobic and confined setting, ‘hot, sweltering’- contrasts with the image of the star Anil watches, ‘a small star shone...’ as his dreams set him apart (omniscient narrator allows us to see Anil’s perspective and draws us to him.) Lines 21-31- physical details of mother reinforce the heat and discomfort/pain of the setting and their lives, ‘wet patch...layers of fat’- a child’s view amuses us ‘Wheee...the fly slid down’ but is mixed with the accepted pain/violence/abuse ‘the bruise...where Appa...had hit her.’ Lines 69- 74- symbolism of the tree- from childish view ‘...a tree that ate little children.’ To shocking reality ‘They were hanging a woman.’ Lines 222- end- the worm simile used to describe how Marimuthu views the train/the truth

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