Nineteen Eighty Four By George Orwell Essay

1238 Words null Page
The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell has been described by many as a masterpiece that remarkably predicted the twenty-first century’s technological advances. The legacy left by Orwell had such a significant impact on the world that terms such as “Orwellian” were coined, television shows such as Big Brother were created, and more importantly, great minds of the late twentieth century such as Marshall McLuhan were influenced. In this political satire, the advanced technology found within Oceania allow its leaders to suppress its citizens with ubiquitous voice-activated devices known as “speakwrites”, monitoring devices, and pneumatic tubes known as “memory holes”. Many of McLuhan’s theories about technology and media parallel the devices and themes present in Nineteen Eighty-Four. Various technologies found within the novel and their uses directly relate to McLuhan’s theories about an oral culture eliminating original thought, a global village, and the methods in which knowledge is circulated.
Technology in Nineteen Eighty-Four is used to constantly alter language and history through the use of “speakwrites”. Through this modification, language is no longer a physical entity, but instead a fluid one capable of changing to fit the purposes of society. The novel’s protagonist, Winston Smith, is a minor member of the ruling Party in Oceania who works as a clerk in the records department of “The Ministry of Truth”. This department’s function is to construct lies that…

Related Documents