Negative Effects Of Roman Conquest
The Roman conquest was the results of their selfish, ambitious, and avaricious, and who lacked the genuine taste and generous spirit which belong to the highest type of human culture (Morey, 1901). Although Rome had expanded their territories as the results of their conquest the negative effects led to the beginning of fall of the Roman Republic. Externally, Rome was viewed as the supreme power of the world. On the contrary, internally, Rome was in turmoil with civil wars, economic and political violence.
The conquest of new territories meant an increasing number of slaves brought into Rome. The slaves outnumbered the Roman citizens, who own slaves to work in their …show more content…
Marius was an innovative military general who defeated the German barbarians and led the battle of Spain. Thereafter, Marius was elected consul six times consecutively, which was against the Roman law of holding office —to be re-elected into the consul after 10 years had passed. Meanwhile, Sulla, his lieutenant and became his political competitor, was gaining popularity. Sulla was elected to lead the army against King of Pontus—Mithridates, which he won. Sulla was elected consul, appealed to Marius ' Senate’ exile and outlawed. All policies during Marius consulship were nulled and voided. Eventually, Sulla became Rome 's dictatorship. Henceforth, the Italian lands were confiscated and redistributed to Sulla’s soldiers; power to the senate was restored; the Equestrians were qualified to be senators; all laws were first approved by the Senate prior presenting to the Assembly, in turn, weakening the Assembly establishment; the Tribunes power was reduced where no they were no longer allowed to hold a higher office in Roman government. As a result, Sulla became the supreme ruler of Rome, who outlawed all civil and military forces who were against him during the revolution. Then, he had posted a list citizens and politicians who supported Marius returning to the government. In other words, Sulla was on a rampage of a massacre and a tyrant of policy, specifically the …show more content…
With conquest came wealth and this changed Rome 's economy and government. Among the changes were the replacement of small farms by large estates, the coming of slavery, a movement from farms to cities, and the decline of the Roman republic (smitlifescience). Also, the political violence inside Rome 's government of a power struggle between the politicians had caused the end of the Roman republic and eventually became an imperial government. Previously, Rome despised one ruler and fought wars during the expulsion the kings, seemed to have returned Rome to their old habit after conquering and expanding their territories. As Rome expanded, so was their ego, discarding the incorporation policy and making it’s conquered territories as its subjects rather than granting them citizenship of Rome. Through conquest, Rome’s politicians became greedy for power and stole from Rome’s citizens, who were entitled to a piece of public land, where families could have a better standard of living by farming their land property. Consequently, the rich were getting richer, while the poor were getting nothing. The slaves were better off than the poor Roman citizenships. Most of the jobs were given to the slaves as free labor. Thus, Rome’s economic distressed due to the high unemployment rate and the increasing number of citizens who were homeless. Ultimately,