Napoleon Bonaparte Research Paper

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The French Revolutionary war began in 1793. Napoleon Bonaparte was the first French commander to show understanding of Artillery tactics to lead from the front. If it wasn’t for artillery, many French battles wouldn’t have been won. Napoleon, 24-year-old captain, changed the way artillery was used in battle and it all started during the Siege of Toulon.
There were still significant pockets of royalist revolts against the young French Republic throughout the nation, especially in the Western and in the South East regions. The Royalist holding the city of Toulon, called upon the British to help them. The British consisting of 2,000 British soldier, along with 6,000 Spaniards, 6,000 Neapolitans, and 800 Sardinian’s were sent to help the Royalist.
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He conducted a reconnaissance and quickly sized up the situation of the Toulon bay. He then created new forges and workshops, a supply line and ordered the creation of 100,000 sandbags to create new firing batteries. He recommended training infantrymen to use artillery on the British camps on a peninsula overlooking Toulon’s harbor, rather than on the city itself. With 64 officers, 1500 men and 100 cannons, mortars and howitzers, he then created two new forward firing batteries, La Montagne and Sans Culotte, which could fire into the inward of the harbored. This forced Admiral Hood to move his ships closer to the …show more content…
The fortress was effectively destroyed, and the enemy forces were forced to retreat behind the hill. Seeing the great succeeds of the bombardment, Major Bonaparte then devised a plan to attack at midnight on the Seventieth. General Dugommier divided the troops into two columns, taking charge of one and Major Bonaparte the other. In the early hours of the eightieth of December, the French launched a major assault onto Fort Mont Caire which was also known as Little

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