Mytilenian Debate Analysis

Superior Essays
The Mytilenian Debate was a key part of Thucydides’ On Justice, Power and Human Nature. The Mytilenian debate focuses on a conflict about the rebellion of Mytilene. The Rebellion that began in the summer of 428 was between the Athens and a town on the island of Lesbos; Mytilene, that was located off the coast of Asia minor. The rebellion also grew to include most of the islands of Lesbos. The rebellion was caused by the Mytilenians believing that the Athens would eventually take over their country and their rights and decided to attack first. The Mytilenians knowing that they would not be able to win against the Athens without help, sought aid from the Peloponnesian. However, the war began far before the Mytilenian were ready and were required …show more content…
The choice to sacrifice all of the population for their injustices. One person in history that would agree with Cleon would have been the Chinese philosopher Han Feizi. Han Feizi was an influential philosopher during the pre-Qin person during China’s history who wrote about the art of government and the persuasion of a ruler. Han Feizi philosophy had an important influence on Chinese political theory and Chinese practices, if not during the Qin dynasty then during the Han dynasty and the Huang-Loa movement. Han Feizi ideology the Two Handles, Han Feizi explains that a ruler or in Athens’s case a colony, should handle their citizens or allies with the use of rewards and punishments. This is because the ruler must understand that their actions will be seen by the people and therefore know their boundaries. One example that Han Feizi uses is that when his ministers or advisors give him advice or organize a plan, the plan must go exactly how the advisor describes it or they will be punished. This means that the advisors must be held accountable for their actions. Another aspect of this rule is that the plan cannot go better or worse then was advised. This means that even if the plan goes better than anticipated the advisor will still be punished because the plan laid out was not correct. In this aspect the advisor must be held accountable for any advice that they rely regardless of the

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Eventually the two giants, accompanied by their allies, of Greece met in what we know now as the, Peloponnesian War. Athens gave Sparta no other options but to engage in war, for they were growing to be too powerful and the Spartans feared that eventually Athens would try to invade Sparta. This was brought to the attention of Sparta when Athens began to trouble Sparta’s…

    • 764 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Leading a war always requires from the enemies a long period of preparation in order to be able to win and to gain freedom. Thus, Athens also wanted to become free, independent, and recognized by others. Thus, in order to build Athenian freedom, before the Peloponnesian War Athens had to conquer and enslave others. Only in this way could remind others about their power and to establish the freedom of Athens. However, the freedom that they were able to gain was immensely fragile and delicate since it had no substantial foundation.…

    • 844 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Peloponnesian War Causes

    • 1868 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Two separate alliances emerged from the disbanded Hellenic League, the restored Peloponnesian League which consisted of Sparta and many main-land Greece city-states, and the Athenian’s Delian League. The Delian League was a force of Greek-City states whose goal was to continue the fight against the Persians by conquering the Persian’s colonies and adding them to their empire. With the founding of the Delian League the remaining Persians and their colonies were quickly and easily defeated. The quick and forceful rise of the Athenian Empire and their Delian League caused many Greek-city states to fear the Athenians and their naval capabilities. As the Athenian historian Thucydides said, “The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon, made war inevitable”.…

    • 1868 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Peloponnesian War was a war fought between Athens and Sparta. The city-states worked together in the Persian War to defeat the Persians, however tension began to arise between the city-states after their common enemy was defeated. According to Western Civilizations: Volume 1 by Cole and Symes, the Peloponnesian War was predicted by Thucydides to be “the greatest war in history.” Thucydides blamed the war on Athens’ growing power and the fear of surrounding city-states (like Sparta) fearing the loss of their independence. The sole purpose of the Persian War was to ensure Greek independence and Athens was beginning to display the oppressive characteristics that the city-states had fought so hard to relinquish. In the 470s, Athens began to threaten and punish city-states that were resisting Athenian rule; this led to Sparta being Athens’ only enemy by the 440s because Sparta refused to give up their independence.…

    • 1450 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    He blames the war on the Persian Empire and their imperialistic nature and hunger for power. Despite warnings from the Spartans, Persia invaded Greece around 492 B.C. This invasion of Greek settlements on Asia Minor triggered the first round of wars. Another cause of tension between the Persians and Greeks was a movement called the Ionian Revolution. Ionians were Greek settlers who lived in southwestern Asia Minor.…

    • 1208 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Xinji Citizens Rights

    • 1146 Words
    • 5 Pages

    in the beginning many things were made for the citizens which focused in politics and social classes rather than religion such as did India. The government of Xinji focuses in their government for the people and the welfare of their citizens as Ancient China achieved during its first dynasties in the Chinese government. Chinese bureaucracy was well on their politics and focused on their people for moral ethics. Confucius wrote on political ethics such as the belief a better ruler should be one that understand their people. Confucianism was accepted as the philosophy of morals and for the respect of the elderly.…

    • 1146 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    “The people and the people alone, are the motive force in the making of world history.” This quote by Mao is key to understanding Chinese Communist Party (CCP) thought, especially during the Chinese Civil War and the war of liberation from the Japanese. These events were key to the CCP’s eventual victory over the nationalists. They were key not only in terms of military victories, but in persuading the Chinese people that the CCP cared for them far more than the “authoritarian” nationalist. And that a nationalist China would lead to the return of imperialism and misery for a majority of peasants. They were able to show that they were in tune with the people’s thought through an opposition to Japanese imperialism, its ability to organize people…

    • 1154 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Persians recruited foot soldiers from Greece to benefit their, the Persian’s, navy. Another way they interacted with Greece was to wage war against them, as they were a threat to the Persian Empire.The first way they interacted with the Romans was by the Silk Road and Chinese diplomacy missions. The second way they interacted with Rome was by attempting to conquer them twice. Is there more interactions buried deep within…

    • 838 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Causes Of Persian Wars

    • 819 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Greeks knew that if they lose than they would have to loin the giant Persian empire. Obviously the Greeks didn’t want this to happen but the Persians did. Although Athens and Sparta did combine forces and united to fight Persia, during the war “Athens formed the Delian League”. This made them fight better for the sake of Greece and for Athens to become the stronger city-state. Also Greece’s history of fighting the behaviour of the Greeks and the way the fought.…

    • 819 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Thus, human nature, as Thucydides described it, took people over. It became advantageous to preemptively attack enemies instead of plotting and using moderation, and the idealism of ancient Greece gave way to rapacity and fear (3.83). These changes in Greek society emerged out of necessity due to the circumstances of the war. People could not follow idealist standards because of the constant military threats to the poleis (3.82). The collapse of Greek values in the face of conflict demonstrated the conflict between law and primal nature that Thucydides implicitly established.…

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays