A Historical Cultural Survey

841 Words 4 Pages
Hitti, Philip K. Islam And The West A Historical Cultural Survey. Vol. Reading No. 4. New Jersey: D. Van Nostrand Company, INC, 1962. Print. This reading works towards unearthing the origin of the Muslims stigma in Western culture. Following the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Muslim Seljuk and Ottoman Turks seems to be posing a threat to the Western Christians. Despite Europe’s lack of resources to translate the Koran, they still worked towards disproving the validity of the Koran’s teachings, including the mention of Muhammad in the famous poem Dante’s Inferno. By the twelfth and thirteenth century the anti-Muslim concept was fully accepted. By then the negative Islamic stereotype was etched in everyone’s mind. The crusaders …show more content…
Currently there is two types of anti-Muslimism; “strategic” and “populist”. Strategic is most commonly found in north america and is fueled by post 9/11 trauma, and various reports and media related to terrorist threats and violence associated with Islamic culture. “Strategic” anti-Muslim can be found in Europe as well, but “populist” anti-Muslim is predominant. It is concerned with a social reaction to the presence of Muslims, and is part of the general anti-immigration attitude in Western Europe; fueled by racist, right wing political parties against the foundation of Islamic schools, mosques, the rejection of veiling, and a fear of loosing their culture through …show more content…
A lot of feminists work towards liberating Muslim women, and label them as a group of people that are to be pitied. In the process of doing so, they are in fact contributing to the negative “barbaric” and “uncivilized” stereotype that contributed to Muslim segregation in our society. When imperialists feminists broadcast other women to “vent their anger at their societies”, they provoke a form of violence that takes place through the construction of information and the development of certain notions and identity known as “epistemic violence”.
Tepperman, Lorne. Starting Points. Don Milla: Oxford, 2011. Print.
This section analyses the social distance concept that was devised by psychologist Emory S. Bogardus in the early twentieth century. This concept was created to decipher the willingness for certain groups, race or ethnic of people to accept people from another group, race or ethnic. The study was done by asking participants for example a French Canadian was asked if they would prefer a Pakistani as a close relative, or a neighbor, or close friend. The studies found that Gypsies were widely unexpected, groups in smaller communities are less tolerant than others, and that tolerance in society increases over time.
Tepperman, Lorne. The Sense of Sociability. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2010.

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