Moralism By Emmanuel Kant

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Emmanuel Kant was an 18th century philosopher that developed the idea deontology. Kant is not trying to convince that morality exists but instead that people behave in a way that they themselves call moral. Kant questions what does it mean to be good? In his conclusion the only thing that is good, is the good will. The will to do good is always good and this is not to get something out of the will to do good. Kant expressed that acting from the good will is the only way to be moral. It’s not the consequences from the actions that matter but to do them for the right reasons to begin with. The only genuinely good actions are out of respect for the moral rules. Acting in anticipation from reward or punishment are not moral acts. Morality is a …show more content…
It deals with duty’s and obligations, like what someone should do in a given situation in terms of personal, versus professional duties. For example, a situation involving a doctor and his family which involves the doctors personal and professional obligations. The scenario is that the doctor’s whole family was killed in a car accident caused by a drunk driver. Later, that doctor encounters the situation of performing emergency surgery on a drunk driver who just caused a car accident. This is a deontological example of what someone should do, because of their professional obligation or duty, versus what their personal obligations are. The doctor essentially should help the person in need because being a doctor is their professional duty. Although it may be difficult, the doctor should set aside his personal thoughts and feelings to proceed with his professional duty to perform surgery and help the person in need. The purpose of doctors and the reason why people go to see a doctor is because it is their professional duty to help patients. The doctor has a professional obligation to uphold and this entails helping all patients no matter the circumstances. It is the doctors professional code of ethics to treat all patients no matter what the circumstances because that is his professional obligation as a doctor. This deontological example is relatable to many professions in healthcare as personal obligations are set aside to …show more content…
The utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that morality is not based in the act itself, but by the consequences of the act, you should do the things that generates the most happiness, or the greatest good for the greatest number. The right decision is what Helps the most people as it is the greatest good for the most people. Its adaptable and can be used in different situations and still be able to make the right decision according to the theory. Doing actions that will result in the most good for the most people is the main component of the utilitarian theory. One question regarding this ethical theory revolves around what is happiness to the utilitarian? The higher intellectual pleasure and the lower pleasure related to our senses. It’s not just how much pleasure one receives but the quality. In utilitarianism the intellectual pleasure is more valuable than the sensual pleasure. Happiness is communal and there is no room for discrimination therefore the action that you do that gives the most amount of people happiness is the best action that you can do. Make sacrifices to your happiness in order to make others happy. The total amount of happiness plus the right action to get the most amount of people happy equals utilitarianism. However, what makes one person happy is different than another and we don’t all agree on the same things that make us all happy. It’s also difficult to find what is the

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