Analysis Of Kant's Utilitarianism

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Emmanuel Kant was an 18th century philosopher that developed the idea deontology. Kant is not trying to convince that morality exists but instead that people behave in a way that they themselves call moral. Kant questions what does it mean to be good? In his conclusion the only thing that is good, is the good will. The will to do good is always good and this is not to get something out of the will to do good. Kant expressed that acting from the good will is the only way to be moral. It’s not the consequences from the actions that matter but to do them for the right reasons to begin with. The only genuinely good actions are out of respect for the moral rules. Acting in anticipation from reward or punishment are not moral acts. Morality is a …show more content…
The utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that morality is not based in the act itself, but by the consequences of the act, you should do the things that generates the most happiness, or the greatest good for the greatest number. The right decision is what Helps the most people as it is the greatest good for the most people. Its adaptable and can be used in different situations and still be able to make the right decision according to the theory. Doing actions that will result in the most good for the most people is the main component of the utilitarian theory. One question regarding this ethical theory revolves around what is happiness to the utilitarian? The higher intellectual pleasure and the lower pleasure related to our senses. It’s not just how much pleasure one receives but the quality. In utilitarianism the intellectual pleasure is more valuable than the sensual pleasure. Happiness is communal and there is no room for discrimination therefore the action that you do that gives the most amount of people happiness is the best action that you can do. Make sacrifices to your happiness in order to make others happy. The total amount of happiness plus the right action to get the most amount of people happy equals utilitarianism. However, what makes one person happy is different than another and we don’t all agree on the same things that make us all happy. It’s also difficult to find what is the right action to achieve such happiness that is agreed upon. We use utilitarianism in real life every day. For example, in the medical field we fund research for many minor problems like athlete’s foot when instead we can use those funds in research for more rare and serious

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